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Learn Heart Disease Basics

The term “heart disease” refers to more than just heart attacks. It applies to a number of conditions that affect the heart, including coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, heart valve disease, congenital heart disease, cardiomegaly (enlarged heart), cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease), and more.

Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the United States for both men and women. Sometimes, symptoms can be subtle and go unnoticed until a major event like a heart attack occurs. Noticeable symptoms include: chest pain (angina), extreme fatigue, and shortness of breath.

Certain lifestyle habits and risk factors contribute to heart disease. Some risk factors—like age and gender—can’t be controlled. However, others can be. To keep your heart healthy, it’s a good idea to lower your blood pressure, eat a high-fiber, low-fat diet, exercise regularly, manage your stress, and quit smoking. 

Types of Heart Disease

Becoming familiar with the type of heart disease you face can help you better understand it and determine your next steps.

Heart Disease Statistics

What's the most common type of heart disease and who does it affect? Know the statistics behind heart disease to avoid becoming one.

Symptoms of Heart Disease

Often, heart disease symptoms are subtle and go undetected. Being aware of what to watch for can help you head off deadly consequences.

Heart Disease Causes and Risks

Understanding the causes and risk factors of heart disease can help you avoid heart attack, stroke, and other forms of heart disease.

Heart Disease Tests and Diagnosis

Your doctor may order several tests to rule out or diagnose heart disease, including a physical, blood tests, stress tests, and more.

Heart Disease Prevention

Certain risk factors make some people more likely to have heart disease. Fortunately, your choices can influence your health.